Precision Agriculture can help Farmers produce more with less, obtaining important advantages in livestock breeding.
We tested the solution taking into consideration the dairy area in the southernmost part of Italy, Sicily implementing the technology that according to our forecasts can help farmers save an average of 1,000 euros per year for each head of livestock.
The framework under development together with the technical support of the Department of Agricultural, Food and Environmental Sciences of the University of Catania, is based on IOT sensors worn by cows and a network infrastructure with low consumption devices and limited computing performance on IPV6 IEEE 802.15.4 protocol, Network Infrastructure commonly known as 6LOWPAN.
Each cow wears a smart collar with an infrared sensor and a 6-axis gyroscope, GPS is optional if animals have to graze instead of being fed in stables.
The collars are used to detect movements and optionally the positions, the data are stored in the Cloud and together with a mathematical model we are able to:
- increase milk production
- reduce labor costs
- improve the health of the herd
- optimize breeding
- improve reproduction rate
- better handle stress management
- Feed Optimization
Farmers can use their smartphones, tablets or “smart” glasses to monitor the status of animals, verify their feeding or prepare a command.
Through our “cockpit” – Cow Operation Center – it will be possible at a glance to monitor the “cow status”:
- Green, Health and Happy Cow
- Yellow, Estrus
- Orange, Calving
- Purple, Disease Suspected
- Blue, Antibiotic ore any Veterinary Prescription
- Red, Temperature or Any Alert Status
Our studies and projects are based on the theme of Precision Agriculture, according to recent studies food production will have to increase by 60% (at least) over the next 35 years to provide food security to the 9 billion people expected to live on the planet (UN, Objectives global), an agriculture that aims to optimize the management of the fields in the field of:
• crop science, suggesting the necessary cultivation needs (eg fertilizer insertion) to agricultural practices
• environmental protection, reducing environmental risks, for example by limiting nitrogen leaching
• economy, increasing competitiveness through more efficient models, for example better management of the use of fertilizers
Precision agriculture also provides farmers with a wealth of information to:
- build up a record of their farm
- improve decision-making
- foster greater traceability
- enhance marketing of farm products
- improve lease arrangements and relationship with landlords
- enhance the inherent quality of farm products (e.g. protein level in bread-flour wheat)